byCampbell, T. Colin, ; Campbell, Thomas M., II. Topics mirror,, Nutrition, Nutritionally induced diseases, Diet in disease, Diet, Diet Therapy, Diet, Vegetarian, Disease, Food Habits, Preventive Medicine, Maladies d'origine nutritionnelle, Régimes alimentaires. The China Study (eBook, ePUB). The Most Comprehensive Study of Nutrition Ever Conducted And the Startling Implications for Diet, Weight Loss, And. In , T. Colin Campbell, PhD, and Thomas Campbell, MD, co-authored The China Study, in which they detailed the groundbreaking research results.

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Epub Download The China Study Revised and Expanded Edition The Most Comprehensive Study of Nutrition Ever Conducted and the. {epub download} The China Study: Revised and Expanded Edition: The Most Comprehensive Study of Nutrition Ever Conducted and the. DOWNLOAD The China Study: The Most Comprehensive Study of Nutrition Ever Long-term Health By T Colin Campbell PhD [PDF EBOOK EPUB site].

Carnosine is a potent antioxidant, being particularly effective in protecting cellular fats against free radical damage. Research shows carnosine may accelerate wound healing, boost the immune system, protect against cataracts, reduce gastric ulcer formation, rid the body of toxic metals, and even help fight against cancer[Hipkiss AR].

The most potent effect of carnosine however, appears to be its ability to prevent glycation, which, along with free-radical production, is a major contributor to degenerative illness and the aging process[Price DL, et al]. The potent anti-glycation effects of carnosine may explain why a comparison of vegetarians, vegans and meat-eating omnivores revealed the latter to have significantly lower levels of nasty glycation end-products known as advanced glycosylation end-products AGEs circulating in their bloodstreams.

The difference could not be explained by total carbohydrate intake, blood sugar, age or kidney function, as all these variables were similar between the vegetarian and omnivorous groups[Sebekova K]. Meat, especially red meat, is the richest source of B-complex vitamins. The B vitamins perform a myriad of crucial functions in the body and requirements for these vital nutrients are dramatically increased during periods of stress, illness and physical activity.

Unfortunately, the body cannot store a surplus of B-vitamins for times of increased need, so optimal amounts must be consumed on a daily basis. Meat, especially red meat, is also a rich source of iron. Iron forms an essential component of hemoglobin, the red pigment in blood that transports oxygen from the lungs to the various body tissues. Insufficient iron intake can result in impaired immune function, decreased athletic performance and lack of energy.

Table of contents

A double-blind Swiss study of women aged between who had sought medical advice for fatigue, found that most of the women had low blood concentrations of iron.

After four weeks, a significantly greater number of women receiving iron supplements reported a decrease in fatigue symptoms than those receiving placebo[Verdon F]. Australian women complaining of fatigue showed similar improvements when treated with either iron supplements or a high-iron diet[Patterson AJ].

Those who need to boost their iron stores should look to read meat rather than supplements or plant foods. When previously sedentary women were challenged with 12 weeks of aerobic exercise, a high meat diet protected iron stores more effectively than iron supplements[RM Lyle]. Heme iron the form of iron found in meat is far more easily absorbed by the body than non-heme iron from plant sources.

Men and women on lacto-ovo vegetarian diets consistently exhibit lower blood levels of iron, even when consuming similar total amounts of dietary iron as omnivores[Alexander D][Hunt JR]. Animal foods are also by far and away the richest source of zinc. Apart from oysters, meat is the richest source of this mineral, with red meats again containing greater amounts of this mineral than white meats.

Zinc is essential for optimal growth and repair, being involved in the actions of several vital hormones and hundreds of enzymatic reactions in the body. Zinc is essential for the formation of superoxide dismutase, one of the body's most potent antioxidants. Overt zinc deficiencies are common to Third World countries where animal protein consumption is low.

Milder, 'sub-clinical' zinc deficiencies also appear to be a common phenomenon in modernized nations. Some plant foods do contain omega-3 fatty acids, but in a form known as alpha-linolenic acid ALA.

The conversion rate, however, is very low, with clinical studies repeatedly showing that omega-3 fats from plant sources to be vastly inferior to those from animal foods when it comes to boosting long-chain omega-3 status[Fokkema MR][Francois CA][Tang AB, et al]. Numerous studies have shown that vegetarians consume far lower levels of long-chain omega-3 fats--not surprising considering their avoidance of meat and fish[Rosell MR, et al].

Studies of pregnant women show that, compared to omnivores, vegetarians have significantly lower levels of DHA in their breast milk, with vegans displaying the lowest levels of all. These negative fatty acid profiles are reflected in infants, with vegan newborns displaying significantly lower red blood cell levels of DHA. Along with lowering one's omega-3 levels, low meat intakes also increase the concentration of omega-6 fats inside the body. A high dietary and bodily ratio of omegaomega-3 fats increases the risk of numerous diseases, including cardiovascular disease.

A sizable portion of heart attacks are triggered when blood clots lodge themselves in narrowed coronary arteries and prevent the flow of blood to the heart, a process also known as arterial thrombosis. One of the early and key events in the development of thrombosis is platelet aggregation, the 'clumping together' of blood platelets. Researchers from Melbourne, Australia, compared heavy-meat-eaters, moderate-meat-eaters, lactoovegetarians and vegans and found that as meat consumption increased, platelet aggregation decreased.

Heavy-meat-eaters displayed the lowest levels of platelet aggregation, while vegans displayed the highest levels. While meat eaters ate more of the omega-6 fat arachidonic acid, vegetarians consumed significantly higher concentrations of the omega-6 fat linoleic acid and significantly lower amounts of long chain omega-3's. The resultant unfavorable omegaomega-3 is believed to be responsible for the higher levels of thromboxane A2 TXA2 seen in the vegetarian group[Li D].

TXA2 is an eicosanoid that stimulates platelet aggregation. Chilean researchers have similarly observed significantly lower blood levels of EPA and DHA, and concomitant increases in blood platelet aggregation, among vegetarians[Mezzano D] Plant foods contain all the nutrition that animal foods do? You've got to be joking! So what about the China Study itself? Despite it's title, only a small portion of The China Study is actually devoted to discussing the giant epidemiological study of the same name; the rest of the book simply reads like an extended sales brochure for veganism.

the china study colin campbell audiobook

Beginning in the early eighties, Campbell was part of a group of Chinese, British and US researchers that presided over the massive epidemiological study known as the China Project, or China Study. The New York Times dubbed it "the Grand Prix of epidemiology", and it gathered data on variables across sixty-five counties and 6, adults. After the study data was compiled, the researchers had calculated "more than 8, statistically significant associations between lifestyle, diet and disease variables.

What Campbell won't tell you about the China Study The China Study does not contain the actual data gathered from its namesake study. So when Campbell claims that the China Study found a consistent relationship between animal foods and various diseases, readers have no way of verifying this information for themselves.

Unless of course, they get up off their butts and go retrieve the actual China Study data for themselves. To do this, they will need to check their local libraries university libraries are the best bet for a book titled Diet, life-style, and mortality in China: A study of the characteristics of 65 Chinese counties[Chen J]. Once readers have this book in their possession, they will quickly discover that there is a galaxy-sized gap between the actual findings of the China Study and the claims made by Campbell in his popular book version.

Overall mortality Let's start with overall mortality, unarguably the most important mortality statistic of all. Animal protein, fish protein, meat intake, saturated fat, and fat calories were all negatively associated with all-cause mortality in infants, children, teenagers and adults, although none of the associations reached statistical significance for those unfamiliar with research-speak, a negative correlation means that as intake of these foods increased, mortality risk decreased; failure to reach statistical significance means that researchers can't be sure these findings were not due to chance.

No statistically significant relationships, protective or otherwise, were found for milk intake, fiber, cereal grains, legumes, and vegetables among those aged Readers can now see why I have such a generally low opinion of epidemiological research--if we were to treat the findings of the China Study seriously, then we would all go out and start drinking and smoking cigarettes in order to improve our odds against cancer!

Despite his obvious enthrallment with the results of the China Study, Campbell for some reason doesn't recommend this… With regards to specific types of cancer, no statistically significant associations were observed for total protein, animal protein, fish protein, meat intake, milk intake, saturated fat, total fat, fiber, cereal grains, legumes, vegetables and mortality from colorectal or breast cancers. Heart Disease No statistically significant associations were observed for total protein, animal protein, fish protein, meat intake, milk intake, saturated fat, total fat, fiber, legumes, and mortality from coronary heart disease.

So there you have it…the "Grand Prix" study that supposedly showed "People who ate the most animal-based foods got the most chronic disease.

People who ate the most plant-based foods were the healthiest and tended to avoid chronic disease" actually showed that animal-based foods imparted no increased risk of all-cause mortality, cancer deaths, or cardiovascular mortality. Conclusion Is Campbell deliberately lying to us? Or is he merely suffering from an inability to cast aside his own personal prejudices and present a full and objective presentation of the facts, because the facts conflict with what he wants to believe?

I can't get inside Campbell's head to give you the answer, but it is not at all uncommon for even highly decorated researchers to "ignore" or flippantly dismiss evidence that fails to support their deeply-held beliefs, and instead focus intently on that which does. The China Study is a classic example of this phenomenon in action. Campbell's lopsided presentation of the facts is most regrettable. If you visit the The China Study page at site.

Like so many people in today's society, these folks are too lazy to think and research for themselves, and are therefore ready prey for misguided "gurus" peddling scientifically unsound nonsense.

For more information, visit TheFatLossBible. Developmental effects and health aspects of soy protein isolate, casein, and whey in male and female rats. Int J Toxicol. Hakkak R, et al.

Dietary whey protein protects against azoxymethane-induced colon tumors in male rats. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. Diets containing whey proteins or soy protein isolate protect against 7,dimethylbenz a anthracene-induced mammary tumors in female rats. McIntosh GH, et al. Dairy proteins protect against dimethylhydrazine-induced intestinal cancers in rats.

J Nutr. Papenburg R, et al. Dietary milk proteins inhibit the development of dimethylhydrazine-induced malignancy. Tumour Biol.

Bounous G, et al. Dietary whey protein inhibits the development of dimethylhydrazine induced malignancy.

Clin Invest Med. Kennedy RS, et al. The use of a whey protein concentrate in the treatment of patients with metastatic carcinoma: a phase I-II clinical study. Anticancer Research, Nov-Dec, ; 15 6B : Morrison LM.

A nutritional program for prolongation of life in coronary atherosclerosis. Journal of the American Medical Association, Dec 10, ; 15 : Diet in coronary atherosclerosis.

Journal of the American Medical Association, Jun 25, ; Schnyder G, et al. Effect of homocysteine-lowering therapy with folic acid, vitamin B12, and vitamin B6 on clinical outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention: the Swiss Heart study: a randomized controlled trial.

Journal of the American Medical Association, Aug 28, ; 8 : Korpela H, et al. Effect of selenium supplementation after acute myocardial infarction. Clark LC, et al. Effects of selenium supplementation for cancer prevention in patients with carcinoma of the skin.

A randomized controlled trial. Nutritional Prevention of Cancer Study Group. Journal of the American Medical Association, Dec 25, ; 24 : Yu SY, et al.

Protective role of selenium against hepatitis B virus and primary liver cancer in Qidong. Biological Trace Element Research, ; 56 1 : Blot WJ, et al. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Sep 15, ; 85 18 : Hercberg S, et al.

The SU. Archives of Internal Medicine, Nov ; Kreider RB. Effects of creatine supplementation on performance and training adaptations. Molecular And Cellular Biochemistry, Feb, ; : Maughan RJ.

Creatine supplementation and exercise performance.

International Journal of Sport Nutrition, Jun, ; 5 2 : Laidlow SA, et al. The taurine content of common foodstuffs. Pasantes-Morales H, et al. Taurine content in foods. Nutr Rep Int, ; Schaffer SW, et al.

Interaction between the actions of taurine and angiotensin II. Amino Acids, ; 18 4 : Azuma J, et al. Therapeutic effect of taurine in congestive heart failure: a double-blind crossover trial.

Clin Cardiol. Double-blind randomized crossover trial of taurine in congestive heart failure. Curr Ther Res ; 34 4 : Laidlaw SA, et al. Plasma and urine taurine levels in vegans.

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ; Taurine content in breast milk of Mexican women from urban and rural areas. Arch Med Res.

Davini P, et al. Controlled study on L-carnitine therapeutic efficacy in post-infarction. Rizos I. Three-year survival of patients with heart failure caused by dilated cardiomyopathy and L-carnitine administration. Singh RB, et al. A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of L-carnitine in suspected acute myocardial infarction.

Postgraduate Medical Journal, Jan. Iliceto S, et al. Kelly GS. Alternative Medicine Review, ; 3 5 : Cavallini G, et al. Carnitine versus androgen administration in the treatment of sexual dysfunction, depressed mood, and fatigue associated with male aging. Urology, Apr ; 63 4 : Gentile V, et al. Current Medical Research and Opinion, September ; 20 9 : Krajcovicova-Kudlackova M, et al.

Correlation of carnitine levels to methionine and lysine intake. Physiological Research, ; 49 3 : Lombard KA, et al. Carnitine status of lactoovovegetarians and strict vegetarian adults and children.

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Aug, ; 50 2 : Cederblad G. Effect of diet on plasma carnitine levels and urinary carnitine excretion in humans. Endogenous skeletal muscle antioxidants. Critical reviews in food science and nutrition, ; 34 4 : Hipkiss AR.

Price DL, et al. Journal of Biological Chemistry, Dec. Sebekova K, et al. Plasma levels of advanced glycation end products in healthy, long-term vegetarians and subjects on a western mixed diet. European Journal of Nutrition, Dec, ; 40 6 : Verdon F, et al.

Iron supplementation for unexplained fatigue in non-anaemic women: double-blind randomised placebo controlled trial. British Medical Journal, May 24, ; Patterson AJ, et al.

Journal of the American College of Nutrition, ; 20 4 : RM Lyle, et al. Iron status in exercising women: the effect of oral iron therapy vs increased consumption of muscle foods. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Dec ; - Alexander D, et al.

Nutrient intake and haematological status of vegetarians and age-sex matched omnivores. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Aug; 48 8 : Adaptation of iron absorption in men consuming diets with high or low iron bioavailability. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Jan ; 94 - Prasad AS. Zinc deficiency. British Medical Journal, Feb.

The China Study

Brown KH, et al. Effect of supplemental zinc on the growth and serum zinc concentrations of prepubertal children: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, June ; 75 6 : Siklar Z, et al.

Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, June ; 49 3 : Dardenne M. Zinc and immune function. Ibs KH, Rink L. Zinc-altered immune function.

Journal of Nutrition, May, ; 5, Suppl. Maes M, et al. Hypozincemia in depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, June, ; 31 2 : Nakaji S, et al. Relationship between mineral and trace element concentrations in drinking water and gastric cancer mortality in Japan. Nutrition and Cancer, ; 40 2 : Prasad AS, et al. Zinc status and serum testosterone levels of healthy adults. Nutrition, May ; 12 5 : Hunt CD, et al.

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Sign in. Recent updates. The China Study. Colin Campbell. Description Details Even today, as trendy diets and a weight-loss frenzy sweep the nation, two-thirds of adults are still obese and children are being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, typically an "adult" disease, at an alarming rate.

Languages English. Details Publisher: Colin Campbell - Author. Why is availability limited? The site Book format for this title is not supported on: Sign in Cancel. Add a card.

Get a card.It is the proliferation of the latter--not animal protein--that corresponds with the rise of degenerative diseases in the Western world. Effect of homocysteine-lowering therapy with folic acid, vitamin B12, and vitamin B6 on clinical outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention: the Swiss Heart study: a randomized controlled trial. Sign in. After eight years, thirty-eight of the fifty control patients had died, compared to only twenty-two of the treatment patients[Morrison LM].

You've got to be joking! Why blame animal protein--a perfectly natural food for the human species, one that we have been eating with great benefit for our entire 2. After I finished the book, I proceeded to place a lengthy critique of it on May 17, at my old web site, TheOmnivore.

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Also read my other posts. One of my extra-curricular activities is paramotoring. I am fond of sharing PDF docs sheepishly .